Thank you for your kind attention to this weeks article on what the ‘therapy benefits from exercise’ are. Therapy for many complaints has always been a keen subject matter, therefore. Consequently, therapy is gaining more focused attention as people exercise more. Exercise is also equally helping therapy recommendations. So let’s go into what the relationship between exercise and therapy in more depth. Also, how we can use therapy to be able to regularly exercise as a result.
What is therapy and its six different main types and what to expect
Physical therapy is the treatment of injury, disease or deformity. Furthermore, physical therapy can include heat treatment, massage, cold therapy and exercise rather than drugs, surgery or physiotherapy.
Therefore, what are the differences between physical therapy and physiotherapy. Physiotherapy concentrates mainly on hospital work as an example of postoperative work. Physical therapy focuses on the treatment of non-threatening injuries. Both are degree courses with an objective to get you feeling better as a result.
Paediatric Physical Therapy
Known as physiotherapy or just simply as PT. It is a medical specialization that focuses solely on specializing in helping teens and young children defeat movement problems above all. Injuries, congenital disabilities and illness cause problems, therefore. There are more problems that can affect likewise too. Paediatric PT is a similar field using similar treatment and objectives to treat adult patients.
Objectives include :
Detecting and Identifying problems at the earliest stage.
Helping young children and teens back into their normal activities.
Relieving pain and inflammations.
Restoring patients’ motion ranges.
Ensuring body parts regain original strength if possible.
Restoring if possible the original function of affected body parts.
Educating patients and their families to help non-reoccurrence.
Improving as much as possible the overall quality of life of patients and their families. When there is a problem with a patient’s normal functions and mobility physical therapy becomes required. The severity of the problem can range from a minor injury to disease. Dictates the time frame of physical therapy treatment required.
Orthopaedic Physical Therapy
Focus is on the treatment and improvement of functions certainly in the orthopaedic system. The system includes the critically important bones, joints, muscles including their ligaments and tendons.
Benefits from orthopaedic physical therapy are preferable when facing surgery or injured. Injury may be sports-related, from repetitive use of one or more joints or perhaps even a simple fall.
A specialised therapist designs and customises a physical therapy treatment program for the individual. This program will help the individual with his/her range of motion, flexibility and building muscle strength. As a result, he/she will be back to enjoying life as normal and hopefully without any further pain.
Orthopaedic physical therapy covers many conditions and sub-conditions within them in recovery from:
KNEE CONDITIONS, HIP CONDITIONS, FOOT AND ANKLE CONDITIONS
ARM, WRIST AND HAND CONDITIONS, SPINE CONDITION.
OTHER CONDITIONS: Arthritis, fractures, cartilage damage, Lyme disease, stress fractures and running injuries.
Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Types of Physical Therapy
Cardiovascular and pulmonary physical therapy focuses on helping individuals suffering from the conditions described above. These also include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) pulmonary fibrosis and heart attacks. The objective here is to improve functional independence and increase endurance. There are typically three phases :
Examples of goals and activities include:
Goal or Objective
Supine-to-sit on the edge of the bed
Ambulation in the room
Ambulation for 2-5 minutes in the hospital hallways
Rate of Perceived Exertion (RPE) should be 13 or less on the 6-20 Borg scale.
Keep heart rate below 120 beats per minute. (or no more than 20 beats above the resting heart rate if the patient has a high resting heart rate)
Exercise and mobilisation performed by the patient (with safe decision granted) 2-4 times per day.
Consists of mainly aerobic exercises. Some programs advise to include light stretching and strengthening exercises. Hence programs, as a result, can be different and designed to patients specific needs. Phase II typically starts 2-4 weeks after the cardiac event and normally goes on for 3-6 weeks.
Examples of goals and activities include:
Aerobic exercises (e.g. walking, running, swimming, cycling)
60-85% of maximal heart rate
20-60 minutes per session
3-5 days per week
Patients are still under supervision. Vital readings strictly monitored before now are not as importantly studied. Thus at this stage, it is also to include stretching and strength building. Research supports many benefits from strength training both in the general sense and after a cardiac event. Stretching allows patients to maintain and build flexibility which promotes an active lifestyle into the future years.
Examples of goals and activities include:
Moderate resistance exercises
3 sets of 10-15 repetitions
2-3 days per week
8-10 different total exercises for the upper and lower body
Pulmonary rehabilitation (pulmonary rehab)
Pulmonary rehabilitation makes patients concentrate on their lungs regarding their performance activity. Consequently, it helps patients in the improvement of the general pulmonary function. Pulmonary rehabilitation is most beneficial for patients suffering from a pulmonary disease known as a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation are both provided by a vast team of healthcare professionals. Pulmonary rehab is provided within physical therapy programs in a hospital or a clinic. Typically performed in outpatient programs in the patients’ home.
Pulmonary rehabilitation includes:
Patient and family education about the disease
Energy conservation techniques
Cardiac rehabilitation similar to pulmonary rehabilitation is in three separate phases. Patients also report very good feedback in praise of the care team involved. Thus reporting experiencing less shortness of breath and more energy
Vestibular rehabilitation is a specialized exercise-based program specifically designed by a physical therapist with further practice qualifications. Therapists focus on improving and reducing dizziness, vertigo, gaze instability in addition to imbalance or falls.
Most people with a vestibular disorder experience a permanent impairment. The amount of restoration back to vestibular function is very little. However, after the vestibular system damage, some people are able to feel better with function returning through compensation. Because this is as a result of the brain learning to use other senses (i.e. body sense). Substituting for the faulty vestibular system. Specific parts within the nervous system (cerebellum, brain stem, somatosensory and visual sensations) must be examined and deemed healthy. It is vital to know the extent that recovery can be made through compensation.
There will be many where compensation does not occur naturally over time. People whose symptoms do not subside or reduce. A process of vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) can help with overall recovery by promoting compensation.
The objective of VRT is to introduce a problem-oriented approach to promote compensation. This customizes exercises to target each individual’s specific problem(s). Consequently, a full clinical examination is conducted before any physical exercise routine is designed. This clinical examination is vital to find out the problems in the vestibular disorder concerned. Depending on the vestibular problem(s) found three main methods of exercise habituation, balance training or gaze stabilization are prescribed.
Geriatric physical therapy
Geriatric physical therapy is focused on a wide area of treatment. Mainly devoted to concerns of people who are ageing and targeted at older adults (seniors).
There are lots of conditions that affect people as they grow older. Typically when they hit a threshold where their quality of life is being significantly affected through lack of mobility. These conditions include osteoporosis, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, balance disorders, hip and joint replacements, incontinence, arthritis, etc. Geriatric physical therapists are specialized in helping people facing these types of conditions more commonly found in older people.
Therapy is focused on restoring mobility, reducing pain, increasing fitness levels with additional ailments benefits. Many know that physical therapy is available after an accident or in the event of a stroke. Consequently, this focus is especially useful in prolonging the well being of older adults improving balance, mobility, strength and fitness.
Older adults are most helped through preventing falls which is crucial. Falling is one of the biggest risks in this category of the population. It is often the case that they lead to hip fractures. Which are the leading cause of a downward spiral in health in this age group. Consequently as many as 30% of older adults over the age of 65 years. Sustain a hip injury that leads to hospitalisation. As a result, their stay in hospital lasts for a minimum of one week. With 20% going on to die within one year of the injury. A number of the remaining 80% do not make a return to their previously normal functioning. Thus physical therapy is very helpful in keeping older adults independent, strong and remaining productive.
Forms of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Exercise: Is any physical activity over and above normal daily tasks. Exercise is designed to improve and then maintain muscle strength, coordination, endurance, flexibility and balance. It serves to lessen the chance of sustaining an injury in a fall and increase mobility. Exercise In geriatric therapy includes walking, aquatic therapy, stretching and a host of others specifically designed to accommodate a specific injury. Also, a physical therapist will design and teach a person how to perform the exercises specifically designed. The individual involved is then allowed to go home and follow the program on his/her own.
Education: Education is very important both to the effectiveness and success of geriatric physical therapy. People are taught how to go about their daily tasks safely. Also, physical therapists instruct people on how they should protect themselves when using assistive devices as an example. Older people are encouraged to also educate themselves to enjoy a higher quality of life. By finding out information and implementing it. This will not only result in feeling better but also encourage a return to being productive.
Manual Therapy: Manual therapy is focused on the objective of restoring a person’s mobility thus helping their circulation. Consequently, this form is also utilized to lessen pain. Manual therapy can include massage, manipulation of the person’s muscles and joints or simply applying cold and hot compressions.
Neurological Physical Therapy
Neurological physical therapy is focused on the specialization of the analysis, evaluation and treatment of people who have movement problems from injury or due to diseases of the nervous system. The objective of the neurological physical specialist is to help in improving or restoring mobility. Thus help people move on with life.
Having a neurological or cognitive disorder will affect language, speech, mobility and thought process. It can make it very difficult to complete daily tasks or socialise.
Neurological disorders from diseases due to :
Mild or traumatic brain injuries
Spinal cord injuries
Physical therapy :
Therapists teach you to rearrange your surroundings making it safer and easier to move around.
Improve your mobility by exercise to strengthen muscles including climbing stairs, moving into and out of a chair or bed.
Lessen your risk of falling.
The objective is getting you back to your normal previous daily tasks and activities.
In the final analysis, every main therapy type has exercise interwoven into its methods to help the patient. Designing exercise programs for his/her mobility, balance, and fitness through exercise targeted at addressing the specific condition or problem. The goal is getting back to normal activity if possible and we can see the ‘therapy benefits from exercise’ clearly. As a result, the patient has a chance to enjoy a higher quality of life and be productive again. Thank you for reading this article and please remember to leave a comment below on your thoughts regarding it. Contact me directly if you wish my contact details are found under the contact heading above. Finally, stay safe and take care until next time all the best to you all.